Liver cancer is usually a result of chronic liver cirrhosis. Cirrhosis is a chronic process of liver cell damage that results in degeneration and thickening of the liver
cells. It usually presents after 10-20 years from the initial liver cells insult. Some of the most common reasons of liver cell damage are hepatitis C infection,
hepatitis B infection, and chronic alcohol consumption. Those persons who have at least 10 years of consuming pf of at least 80 grams of alcohol per day have a 5
time increased risk of developing liver cancer.
Liver cancer usually presents late in life and oftentimes, it is diagnosed on a stage where little could be done to cure the disease. A patient with liver cancer could
have symptoms of increasing abdominal girth accompanied with feeling of abdominal fullness attributed to the developing ascites or fluid in the abdominal cavity.
There could also be jaundice or yellowing of the skin, generalized pruritus or itchiness, weakness, loss of appetite and unintentional weight loss.
What causes liver cancer?
If you are an athlete, stay away from anabolic steroids lifters.Using these male hormones periodicallymayeventually cause one tohave a cancer in the liver.
Foodthat are toxinsrelatedare transferred from GI tract can putoneatrisk forlivercancers.
Cirrhosis of liver or alcoholic liveris a global disaster because cirrhosis damage liver cells,and the mutation couldgraduallylead to liver cancers. In such case,the normal cells are damaged and replaced withscar tissue.
Inherited liver disease:people with hepatitis B or C have a significantly higher risk ofdeveloping liver cancer, compared to otherhealthy individuals. Familyhistory:people whoseimmediate family haveliver cancerusually are athigher risk ofdevelopingliver or hepatic cancer.Hepatitis C is the most common cause of livercancer in the US.Some inherited liverdiseases also increase the risk of liver cancer.
Immunocompromised state:in case of hepatitis, HIV infection, long term steroidal usage, nephritic syndrome,andfrequent infections can cause liver cancer.Obesity is another factorforliver cells cirrhosis.
Smoking:Individuals with hepatitis B or C have a higher risk ofdevelopingliver cancer if they smoke.
Diabetes:Hyperglycemic patients with alcohol consumption,andprolonged use of insulin can be a factorto develop hepatic cancer. Men, in general,are more prone toliver cancer than women.
How to treat liver cancer
Some liver cancers are treatable, some not.Surgery and liver transplantationis one option.
Non treatable cancersmaybetreated byablative therapy,radiation therapy (radiotherapy), andchemotherapy.
People with liver issuesneeds toavoidalcoholconsumption,eat more vegetables,andusenatural medicinessuch asavocado and juice of spirulina.
Cancer Society of America | Liver Cancer | Cause, Symptoms & Risk Factors of Cancer | Cancer Diagnosis | Cancer Prevention, Early Detection & Treatment
Liver is the most vital organ required for detoxification of many toxins that comes
into the body. Liver cancer is the third most common cancer worldwide. The most
riskiest class among people with liver disease are chronic drinkers and hepatitis
infectious individuals and those suffered from hemochromatosis.
An abnormal proliferation or growth of hepatic cells leading to abnormally found
cells with a solid mass is known asLiver Cancer. The hepatic cancers depend on
different type of cells being affected because liver is the combination of many
types of cells and its physiological variation is too wide. Most liver cancers are
benign in nature because they grow large enough to cause problems without
invading nearby tissues, and they usually respond well to the treatment options
that are currently available in the clinical science.
A diagnosis of liver cancer is made based on the patient's history and physical examination, blood workup and imaging modalities
such as ultrasonography and commuted tomography scan. A patient with increased alpha fetoprotein (AFP) is more likely to have liver
cancer. Alpha fetoprotein is a type of protein that is produced in the liver of a developing fetus. It is rarely produced by the liver of a
normal adult person. It is used as tumor marker for liver cancer because an elevation on AFP levels would point to abnormal liver cell
activity. Increased AFP levels could be accompanied by increased levels of bilirubin causing the yellow discoloration of the skin.
Diagnosis could be further strengthen with an imaging modality. Ultrasonography is the cheapest choice to visualize a presence of
tumor mass, however it is an operator dependent and could not provide a clear view and location of the mass or tumor. Commuted
tomography scan is a better choice because it provides better view of the tumor in a 3D image. A biopsy resulting positive of hepatic
liver carcinoma could confirm the diagnosis for liver cancer.
Liver cancer when caught early could be managed with surgery with a slightly higher cure rate in comparison to those diagnosed late.
However, the cure rate of surgery, in general, however is still relatively low. Mortality rates have been on a high side over the last two
decades. Needless to say, liver cancer is one type of cancer that is dreadful, yet could be prevented with proper lifestyle choices.
Staying away from alcohol, a regular checkup and regular exercise could help a person to prevent development of liver cancer.
Furthermore, increase awareness of liver cancer, its causes and effects are also a big boost on the push to prevent increased
incidence of this disease.
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