Symptoms of bladder cancer
1. Laxing of lower abdomen due to a mass,
2. Irritation and frequent infections,
3. A severe pain on the affected side that comes on and off,
4. An abdominal mass,
5. Blood in the urine, technically called Hematuria, with reddish urination can be a dangerous sign,
6. Anemia due to the death of normal blood cells associated with sudden weight loss,
7. Fever with chills and fatigue, poor general health and well-being could be a sign,
8. An urge to pass urine but fail to pass on attempt because of obstruction.
Grading your bladder cancer is crucial
If the bladder scrape is suggestive of abnormal cells, then one needs to follow it promptly and accordingly at the beginning as it can spread all over. Grades might be
1, 2, 3, 4, but those tumors might be put on scores. The higher the grade is, the faster cancer cells can grow. Staging and grading are necessary because it will know
whether if the tumor has invaded the deepest muscle layer of the bladder, or if it has just invaded nearby tissues, or if it has been spread to other systems beside the
urinary system. All these can be the best indicators of what sort of treatments may work the best!
Treatment options for bladder cancer
Treatment options depend on stage, grade, location, whether the tumor got spread to other parts of the body, age, and as well as the general health. Multidisciplinary
team approach is used with anesthetist, oncologist, rehabilitation specialist, urologist and radiologist working together to kick start and finish the job well.
Transurethral resection (TUR) is done on guided endoscopy to remove the affected part. Open surgery is usually done in stage 3 and 4.
Biological Therapy as a new invention
People with early stages of bladder cancer can receive a treatment called biological therapy, where treatment is BCG solution which is a liquid containing weakened
bacteria just to increase the immune system.
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Bladder cancer is the 4th leading cancer in men and 9th in women.
It can persist as primary or metastasis type of cancer from nephrons
and other urinary parts. Bladder is a muscular sheath that is so thin
and it is hallow in nature as it is a natural urosac bag in human
beings. Bladder anatomically comprises of inner transitional layer
with epithelial cells called urothelium, middle muscular layer, and the
outer layer that composed of fibrous tissues.
One needs to be cautious with urinary incontinence, bloody urine,
pain, obstruction and feeling of pressure while passing urine. You
also need to be alert if you had a prior history of cancer anywhere in
the renal system because it can easily spread through.
What can increase risk of bladder cancer?
- If you`re a known smoker and alcoholic, then you need to be careful, lethal and illicit intake of sedatives and certain form of
drugs, and steroidal treatment for long period of time can be dangerous.
- If you are an employee in a mining industry, brick factory, dye, rubber, cigarettes, chemical, metals and jute industries, there
are chances of generating carcinogens.
- Prior personal history of bladder cancer could create further risk for further attacks.
- Arsenic compound found in drinking water could be a factor for bladder cancer, checking the drinking water for laboratory
certificate is recommended.
- If you have family history of bladder cancer, chance for a new diagnosis of bladder cancer is increased by 50%.
- Many people who get bladder cancer have none of these risk factors, and many people who have these risk factors don’t
develop the disease, thus one needs to be vigilant.