What are the causes and risk factors of gynecological cancers?
- HPV or human papilloma virus: this is especially true for cervical cancers, most often in case of multi sexual contacts.
- HIV infection: immune system damage due to AIDS can be very dangerous to acquire a quick tumor activity.
- Pre mature sexual activity: intercourse before maturity can lead to cell changes in the genital tract.
- Chlamydial infection: is a bacteria that infects a female genitalia.
- Dietary factors: low fiber and high lipid diets could be risky. Women who are obesed have twice more risk compare to those with normal weight.
- Smoking and alcoholic usage during pregnancy.
- Illicit use of birth control pills: The prolonged and unsupervised use of birth control pills can cause carcinoma of situ and endometrium.
- Elderly Primi and pregnancy before the age of 18.
- Use of DES (diethylstilbestrol); a drug to treat miscarriage.
- Family history of gynecological cancers.
- Individuals who start menstruating at or before age of 12 years old are at high risk for endometrial cancers. Other contributing factors are Irregular
menstruation or ovulation, obesity, infertility, ovarian cysts, diabetes mellitus.
Common Symptoms of gynecological cancers
There are wide ranges of symptoms that affect women with gynecologic cancer such as:
- pelvic pain and frequent bleeding,
- Frequent vaginal or endometrial infections,
- Vaginal bleeding after sexual intercourse,
- Persistent abdominal swelling,
- Unintended weight gain or loss,
- Persistent bowel changes, like diarrhea or constipation.
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The subject Gynecology needs a lot of attention and focus as this is
the most crucial for a child and mother to have a healthy motherhood
and postnatal period. Gynecological cancers are of wide variety with
its diverse symptoms and causes within it. These cancers are the
group of different malignancies of the female reproductive system
within or out of reproductive age group.
There are two different set of Gynecological malignancies; one may be
purely related to perinatal, and the other one is non-perinatal. Perinatal
cancers occur within the reproductive age, and non-perinatal occurs
later in the ages of 50 plus years old.
There are numerous types of gynecological cancers, but the most popular
ones are cervical cancer, ovarian cancer, and endometrial (uterus) cancer.
Rarest malignancies are cancer of the vagina, cancer of the vulva, and cancer
of the fallopian tube. Skin cancers or sarcomas might even originate within the
female genitalia. Practically, most of the gynecological cancers are found in
women aged 50 plus years old.
Common types of gynecological cancers
Some of the common gynecological cancers are cervical cancers, endometrial cancer (uterus), fallopian Tube Cancer, gestational
trophoblastic cancer, ovarian cancer, vaginal cancer, vulva cancer, and uterine sarcoma.
Different types of cancers have got different strategies to prevent. Make sure visiting your doctor regularly to undergo Pap Smear test,
it is an examination of cervical sample for carcinogenic activity. Try to stop smoking if you are a woman, because it doubles smoking
doubles the risk of gynecological cancers.